Internet has been grown to be the most important platform in communication and social lives of the community all around world as it transmits and communicates through a globally connected network system by using various types of media. This precious platform includes private, public, business, academic and government network and plays a vital role in communication and social interaction to different corners in the world.
Simply when a user wants to enjoy and use most of the services provided by internet, he/she adds an account and saves his information for accessing the database, however, this is very reliable and awesome service but what if we are not safe? We provide most of our information in internet platforms like Facebook pages, twitter, Instagram, website and similar but is the internet provided for us has open sources or it is filtered?
Afghanistan is a country which had decades of war and crisis which unlikely affected the communities particularly in literacy, the randomly raise of illiteracy in country has led to shape the community as a very poor and back warded society while comparing with the world. This major issue had its disturbance in every activity while even most of our literates do not have the ability to be creative and find the problems or offer solutions. This factor also acted on how are being adapt to technology particularly internet the fast-growing platform, currently we purchase internet from neighboring countries without knowing that how much of our data is being leaked by the host countries and how will this affect in political and international relation of Afghanistan.
Open internet and its democracy, like Web censorship and privacies have been analysed from many angles as the internet has emerged as single global platform so far. However, over the last two decades the advent of new technologies has been mostly unregulated and dependent on private sector innovation. But unlikely it has been not used as an open source in some countries particularly Afghanistan, a country which buy internet from Pakistan, Tajikistan or other neighbouring countries. Internet is a fast growing platform with indicating and storing all details of individuals and government of a country but since the filters and monitoring resists the transparency and freedom of speech has been questioned so many times as most of the officials and government organizations do not feel safe due to political barriers and similar facts which may accidently leads in leaking of information to a third party and hesitates in providing credentials and sensitive details while using closed internet mostly in .af domains which requires too many filters to pass and save users information.
Despite the fact that filters happen in servers and they monitor each activity of government organizations, private sectors or individuals the closed internet protocol affects the pricing of internet enormously due to big corporations or service providers tight control over how we access information. Principally in Afghanistan the internet price is too much to manage due to several facts while reasoning filter and closed internet as the main factor in unstandardized prices of internet in the country. By this context, I believe the network sovereignty poses undeniable threat to democracy and open internet as the users would not feel safe in interaction of this platform and the freedom of speech would not be maintained due to several closed internet protocols.
Even though most of our people including myself are using internet while sharing their sensitive information without forecasting the dangers that are being created by this protocol. I remember a time while the government sensitive issues were leaked through internet due to technical difficulties but unlikely, they blamed an internal issue to cover this business or with an unknown reason.
Currently, the most pressing and annoying challenge of Afghanistan regarding internet is the information being leaked to third party through every one of our servers. As I referenced above the illiteracy affected every activity of the country including the not being completely equipped to technologies, by this context, even most of our educated people and communities still have issues in modern technology particularly in internet.
Recently, our people have started a campaign against internet prices by the name of where is ATRA?, (ATRA is a section in MoCT which provides and controls the internet in my country) but they do not realise why the internet is too expensive!, the answer however relies on the fact that Afghanistan purchases internet from neighbouring countries accidentally denying the fact that the country itself is being monitored by the host country and many more, so the question rises, should we campaign for internet prices or should we campaign for the real sources? That why internet has been too expensive and most importantly are we safe while using internet? Does our freedom of speeches are maintained?
As being familiarised to above facts the real and most important question rises, ARE WE SAFE? Can we trust the internet while it is filtered too many times through closed internet protocol? Shouldn’t we rise our voice in this context? Isn’t the situation against our expectations? Aren’t we being hacked by unknown parties? Is government safe?
At last, I prefer being part of the campaign that includes real and major changes such as changing the internet protocol to open and neutrality of internet in my countries. Join us, no to closed internet policies, we deserve freedom in speech and security of our community and country. We do not need where is ATRA campaign, we need NO TO CLOSED-INTERNET POLICIES and filtration of our privacy to a third party, WE ARE NOT SAFE.